June 01, 2021

It’s more than just artificial grass.

Turf Types

Have you ever been on artificial turf?

Did you stop and think about what goes into the manufacturing of synthetic turf?

It’s okay if you haven’t. Most of us probably haven’t.

But, if you want to learn more, we’ve got our guide for you. Synthetic turf can be created with various components such as nylon, polyester, or combination of both.

Enjoy this comparison guide to discover the pros and cons of each type of fiber.



  • While denier and yarn composition affect durability, nylon is usually stronger in direct comparison.


  • More vulnerable to expansion and contraction.
  • Will fade with direct sunlight exposure.



  • Less susceptible to expansion and contraction.
  • Polyester resists UV more efficiently than nylon.


  • Not as durable than nylon per pound.



  • Is water-resistant.
  • Resistant to tear.
  • Less susceptible to saltwater corrosion and mildew.


  • Both nylon and polyester are flammable. However, each responds differently to fire; nylon melts before it burns, polyester melts before it burns.

It’s Not Only About Fiber

There are quite a few artificial grass manufacturers out there marketing their products. But, we want to let you in on a little secret. One of the most critical elements of synthetic grass is not just what the fiber (grass blades) is made from. The turf is a whole system that has to be done correctly for optimal performance. Here are just a few components that will set apart a high-quality turf from a low-quality turf.


The backing is composed of two layers and finished with a urethane coating. These components are important because they bind the fibers (grass blades) in place, allow water to drain, and stand up to abrasion from the base material.


Infill is a critical element. Infill adds time and labor but it is the final touch that makes sure your warranty is valid and your turf performs well. Infill provides ballast, which makes sure the turf is has no wrinkles and dimensionally solid. It adds further protection to the yarn and backing, assists drainage, and ensures a proper footing.


Yarn fiber is comprised of resins made to solve the competing challenges of softness and durability. Fibers can be had in many shades and combinations to allow you to see various greens. Additionally, thatch can be added for further realism.

Artificial Turf Fibers

Keeping Things Cool with Science

One product we particularly love is HydroChill™, our patented evaporative cooling technology.

Sweating is a natural form of thermoregulation called evaporative cooling. Moisture evaporating from the skin’s surface yields a cooling effect. Likewise, HydroChill™ has been shown to cool synthetic turf surfaces with the same evaporative cooling principle. As turf surfaces are heated by the sun’s rays, moisture stored in the HydroChill™ turf is released. Evaporating moisture removes heat, resulting in a cooler, more comfortable surface for the players.

Synthetic Turf Evaporative Cooling 

An ordinary damp lawn will provide some cooling, but temperatures often rise quickly and may surpass comfortable levels of heat. A HydroChill™ lawn has been shown to create a sizeable temperature differential in real-world applications. Based on actual lab and outdoor lawn thermocouple testing, HydroChill™ has achieved 30° to 50° lower surface temperatures versus a standard synthetic turf system.

Thermocouple Test Readings from Outdoor Synthetic Turf

Less Work. More Play.

Southwest Greens is not just a product but also a solution. A solution that uses much less water each year, significantly reduces the impact on mother nature, and requires far less maintenance. All of which gives you the option of less work, more play.

See The Greens